Burnout Syndrome in Dentists With Different Professional Occupations

Miriane Lucindo Zucoloto, Paula Cristina Jordani, Fernanda Salloume Sampaio Bonafé, Patrícia Petromilli Nordi Sasso Garcia, João Maroco, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos

Abstract


Objective: To compare the mean scores of the three dimensions of Burnout (Exhaustion, Disengagement/cynicism and Professional efficacy) in dentists with different professional occupations. Method: The sample was composed by 284 undergraduate dental students, 70 dentistry faculty and 60 dentists working in the public health service. The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) was used. Psychometric characteristics of the MBI in the different samples were tested. Mean scores were compared using Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA). Results: The MBI showed adequate reliability and validity in different samples. The students had a significantly higher mean score on exhaustion than the faculty and the dentists of the public service (p < 0.001). Faculty presented the lowest levels of disengagement/cynicism (p < 0.001). The professional efficacy of students was significantly lower than that of the faculty (p < 0.001). Conclusion: There are differences in the incidence of the Burnout Syndrome amongst students and dentistry professionals. This should be considered for future studies aiming to minimize the effects of the syndrome in dentists.

Keywords


burnout professional; dentistry; occupational health; public health; students; faculty