Life Satisfaction: Study of the Predictors in a Mixed Portuguese Sample

Marina Sousa, Joana Cabral, Joana Benevides, Carolina da Motta, Célia Barreto Carvalho, Ermelindo Peixoto

Abstract


Aim: Life satisfaction has been a central research topic in the field of Health Psychology, as an essential construct to individual adaptive psychological functioning. This paper aims to study the predictors of life satisfaction in a mixed sample, verifying the continuity of satisfaction with life in populations of patients with psychiatric disorders and healthy controls. Method: It was used a mixed sample of non-clinical participants (n = 228) and clinical participants with psychiatric illness (n = 183) from Azores (Portugal). Correlation analyses and, subsequently, multiple linear regression analyses were carried out to study the predictors of satisfaction with life.  Results: Depression and the satisfaction of basic psychological needs were the best predictors of life satisfaction. Conclusion: Psychological disorders constitute a vulnerability factor for dissatisfaction with life. Therefore, prevention or education and the promotion of adaptive coping strategies for adverse life situations is imperative for improving satisfaction with life, particularly in individuals affected with psychiatric illness.

Keywords


satisfaction with life; depression; satisfaction of basic psychological needs