Satisfaction With Social Support and Weight Loss — A Cross-Sectional Study

Filipa Pimenta, Adriana Bernardino, Raquel Rosas, Ana Tapadinhas, Isabel Leal

Abstract


Aim: As a potential moderator and mediator of the effectiveness of interventions for successful weight losses (SWL), which is rarely assessed in this context, we aimed to examine the relation between the percentage of weight loss and psychological and socio-demographic variables, including satisfaction with social support, in people who accomplished a SWL. Method: A total of 105 adults with a SWL (that is, a loss equal or superior to 7% of the initial weight, sustained for at least 12 months) filled the Satisfaction with Social Support Scale and a questionnaire, in order to collect socio-demographic, psychological health status and life style information. Results: The structural model with the dimensions of satisfaction with family support and intimacy present a good adjustment (χ2/gl = 1,343; CFI = 0,943; GFI = 0,924; RMSEA = 0,057, p < 0,001; C.I. 90% = ]0,000; 0,093[); satisfaction with family support (β = 0,193; p = 0,081) and the presence of a sexual-affective relationship (β = -0,184; p = 0,082) were the only variables to marginally predict the percentage of lost weight. Conclusion: The participants who were more satisfied with family support (at least one year after the SWL) lost a greater percentage of weight; therefore, satisfaction with family social support might be a relevant variable in the weight loss process. However, the nature of the study (type of study and sample) demands further research to corroborate this results.

Keywords


successful weigh loss; satisfaction with social support; satisfaction with family support