Towards an Integrated Approach to Food Behaviour: Meat Consumption and Substitution, From Context to Consumers

João Graça


Background: Human diet is increasingly acknowledged as a critical issue in global health and sustainability challenges. Aim: This article draws on meat consumption and substitution to illustrate how two features facilitate an integrated approach to understanding food behaviour: (1) framing such behaviour in a wider historical, sociocultural and environmental context; and (2) acknowledging the role that psychological processes play in consumer willingness and propensity to engage in a given diet. Conclusion: To mobilize large-scale changes towards healthier and more sustainable dietary choices, the article concludes with a call for developing conceptual, methodological and delivery tools that: (1) consider the context in which food habits take place; and (2) identify and engage with different groups of consumers.


food behaviour; nutritional changes; sustainable food consumption; meat consumption; meat substitution; plant-based diets