Aspects of University Life and Burnout Syndrome

Paula Cristina Jordani, Miriane Lucindo Zucoloto, Fernanda Salloume Sampaio Bonafé, João Maroco, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos

Abstract


Aim: To estimate the prevalence of Burnout Syndrome in dental students, from a public university, and compare the mean scores obtained in each dimension of the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory (OLBI-S), according to the sociodemographic variables of interest. A total of 235 students participated in the study. Methods: The psychometric characteristics of OLBI-S were estimated. The comparison of Exhaustion and Disengagement mean scores was performed, using the Student’s t test and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). Results: A total of 72.8% of the participants were women and the mean age was 21.0 ± 1.8 years. After the removal of three items, OLBI showed adequate factorial validity and reliability. Of the surveyed students, 61.7% had Burnout Syndrome, 22.1% Exhaustion and 4.7% Disengagement. A higher Disengagement mean score was observed for students who did not chose the Dentistry course as their first choice, and who consider teachers to be incompetent/reasonable. Those whose initial expectations were frustrated, with poor course performance, who already used medication due to their study load, and who thought about quitting the course, had higher mean scores of both Exhaustion and Disengagement. Conclusion: There is a high prevalence of Burnout Syndrome, with a significant relation to sociodemographic variables.

Keywords


professional fatigue; odontology; public health