Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the ISB - Burnout Syndrome Inventory

Ana Maria T. Benevides-Pereira, Pedro Guilherme Basso Machado, Paulo Cesar Porto-Martins, José Antonio Carrobles, José de Oliveira Siqueira

Abstract


Aim: Burnout is a dysfunctional reaction to chronic occupational stress. The present study analysis the psychometric qualities of the Burnout Syndrome Inventory (ISB) through Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). Method: Empiric study in a multi-centre and multi-occupational sample (n = 701) using the ISB. The Part I assesses antecedent factors: Positive Organizational Conditions (PC) and Negative Organizational Conditions (NC). The Part II assesses the syndrome: Emotional Exhaustion (EE), Dehumanization (DE), Emotional Distancing (ED) and Personal Accomplishment (PA). Results: The highest means occurred in the positive scales CP (M = 23.29, SD = 5.89) and PA (M = 14.84, SD = 4.71). Negative conditions showed the greatest variability (SD = 6.03). Reliability indexes were reasonable, with the lowest rate at .77 for DE and the highest rate .91 for PA. The CFA revealed RMSEA = .057 and CFI = .90 with all scales regressions showing significant values (β = .73 until β = .92). Conclusion: The ISB showed a plausible instrument to evaluate burnout. The two sectors maintained the initial model and confirmed the theoretical presupposition. This instrument makes possible a more comprehensive idea of the labour context, and one or another part may be used separately according to the needs and the aims of the assessor.

Keywords


burnout; occupational stress; Burnout Syndrome Inventory; factorial analysis; psychological assessment